EO: Who conceived the idea of setting up a Biogas Plant? Please share your current experiences and exposures in the biogas industry.
Mr. Aditya: My father, Mr. Naval Kishore Aggarwal, is associated with a Gaushala named Shri Krishan Gopal Gaushala in Kunjpura. He actively participates in all activities of the Gaushala. His presence in the Gaushala, encouraged me to play a part in serving the Cows of the gaushala. After 2-3 months, I felt that the gaushala was facing problems in managing all the cow dung. Instead of generating income from selling the cow-dung, the gaushala was spending huge amounts of money on management of the same.
I started searching for the same on Google. From what I learned there, I conceived the idea of setting up a biogas plant. Once we set up the biogas plant, we started our own brand of fertilizer named AMRIT Fertilizer with a motto of “To convert Cow dung to Fertilizer”
EO: Kindly explain something about your research work and its commercial acceptability.
Mr. Aditya: Without R&D, nothing can be achieved. Core R&D is only achieved through real life experience. With more than four years of experience, not only did we learn how to run the plant successfully but also learning how to construct it efficiently, in order to make it viable for commercial acceptance. Personal & religious interest towards Cows is one aspect of this project but economic viability is also must for continuous running of the project. We had started the project due to a personal & religious interests towards Cows, but after experiencing commercial acceptance, we decoded to enhance our capacity 4 times from when we started.
EO: Kindly elaborate on your concept of “Poo to Power”.
Mr. Aditya: For the last four years, we have been converting cow dung to electricity. This has not only helped the gaushala in waste management but also given us commercial viability in our project. About 2000 units per day is generated through the processing of cow dung/poo. This shows the power of cow dung/poo.
Many villages in India still have no electricity, but waste in the form of cow dung is everywhere. Converting cow dung to power is “Poo to Power”. About 80,000 LED Bulb of 25 watt power can be powered thru this plant. This has truly led us to believe in our vision of “Purely Clean & Green Energy “:- Clean villages & Green Power
EO: Please share something about how you collect the input materials for your plant and what are the products which you get from the process?
Mr. Aditya: Input material for our plant comes from the Gaushala. Initially we used cow dung from the Kunjpura Gaushala for the first two years. Later, as we expanded the biogas plant, we were able to utilize cow dung from 2 more gaushalas located in Karnal. The plant utilizes about 20 ton per day i.e. about 72 lakh Kg of cow dung per year converted in to fertilizer. We are also using agricultural waste collected from farmers like potatoes and other wasted vegetables in hopes of facilitating the farmer towards a system of “Zero Budget Farming”. Under this scheme we exchange their waste with enriched & ready to use fertilizer. Non eatable crops are also used for the process whereas plants & eatables are sent to the Gaushala to serve as cow feed.
EO: What are the applications of the products which you get from biodigesters?
Mr. Aditya: Biogas is complimentary with this plant just like milk comes complimentary with cow. The main output from a biogas plant is enriched fertilizers. These fertilizers show very good results when used in regular farming as well as fish farming also. Crop output can be boosted from 20 – 40 % with continuous use of these fertilizers. Moreover, if we extract the solid particles from the slurry, they can be sold separately in addition to the liquid. The solid particles can be used when sowing seeds & especially for mushroom farming as they require little processing and are available at good rates. Mushroom farmers are getting great results from this fertilizer & have found it to be cheaper compared to other products available on the market.
EO: What do you think the government should do to promote clean cooking fuel and what are its benefits over LPG?
Mr. Aditya: The government is already working towards promoting this plant thru many schemes like GOBARDHAN Yojana among others. This plant also provides other benefits such as:
- Waste Management
- Waste Water Management
- Organic Fertilizers
- Renewable Energy
- Clean Villages
- Zero Budget Farming: – Through waste exchange, farmers get enriched fertilizer.
- Save Water: – With this fertilizer, water requirement for crops is reduced up to 50 %.
EO: How can the Government promote the installation of such plants in India?
Mr. Aditya: Personally I believe that only way to promote this plant is to promote a “Platform for Organic Farming”.
In ancient times, particularly before Urea came in to use, fertilizer created from waste was used in farming. But once the use of Urea and other chemical fertilizers became popular in farming, all that waste started being sent directly to landfills. Due to these practices, we now see huge mountains of waste in metro cities. Moreover, this UREA is subsidized, making it a price competitive alternative to our fertilizer, since our fertilizer is not subsidized by the government.
I don’t mean to propose subsidizing organic fertilizer. However, instead of subsiding this fertilizer, the government can still give separate benefits to farmers who opt for organic farming, by buying their crop at an added premium of 20 % – 30 % more than normal rates.
If the government buys organic crops from farmer at a reasonable amount, it will automatically give a boost to this plant, since organic farming is backbone of this project.
EO: How positive do you feel about the future of renewable energy in India?
Mr. Aditya: Renewable energy is now the first preference for every country due to limited availability of fuels. India will always have an unlimited source of energy for future needs because of easy waste availability either in the form of cow dung, poultry or others.
EO: Anything else you would like to add for our readers?
Mr Aditya: For those who think the concept of Biogas is a failure, I say, if in doubt please visit my site. I am just a 25 year old young entrepreneur who started this plant on my own & am successfully running plant it for the last five years.
For those who wish to create a similar setup, I say, that setting up a biogas plant in the proper way is the only way to succeed. So, hire the best & most experienced consultants who have experience of not only building such plants but also know about running the plant. It is important to build up multiple digesters instead of just a single one. Make sure you focus on slurry instead of gas, as the gas is complimentary while you can convert the slurry to liquid fertilizer, dry fertilizer & even briquettes.
For all others, you are all welcome to visit my site and bless me with your blessings and well wishes.